List of Marker Types


 Type  Name or Abv  Definition or Full Name  Allelism
 Classical Morphological  markers can visually distinguish qualities like seed structure, flower color, growth habit and other important agronomic traits  
 Classical Cytological  markers that are related with variations present in the numbers, banding patterns, size, shape, order and position of chromosomes  
 Classical Biochemical  or isozymes, are multi-molecular forms of enzymes which are coded by various genes, but have the same functions  co-dominant
 Molecular  AFLP  Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism  dominant
 Molecular  CAP  Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic  mainly co-dominant
 Molecular  DArT  Diversity Arrays Technology  dominant
 Molecular  ET-ISJ  Exon-Targeted Intron-exon Splice Junction  mainly do-minant
 Molecular  InDel  Insertion-Deletion Polymorphism  co-dominant
 Molecular  ISSR  Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat  dominant
 Molecular  IT-ISJ  Intron-Targeted Intron-Exon Splice Junction  
 Molecular  KASP  Kompetitive allele specific PCR, is a homogenous, fluorescence-based genotyping variant of polymerase chain reaction.  
 Molecular  qPCR  Quantitative PCR, is used to detect, characterize and quantify nucleic acids for numerous applications. DNA is isolated and amplified.  
 Molecular  RAD  Restriction-site Associated DNA  
 Molecular  RAPD  Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA  dominant
 Molecular  RFLP  Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism  co-dominant
 Molecular  REMAP  Retrotransposon Microsatellite Amplified Polymorphism  co-dominant
 Molecular  RGAP  Resistance Gene Analog Polymorphisms  
 Molecular  RT-PCR  Reverse Transcription and Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA is isolated and cDNA is generated via reverse transcription; PCR is then to amplify areas of interest.  dominant
 Molecular  RT-qPCR  RNA transcripts are quantified by reverse transcribing them into cDNA first, and then qPCR is subsequently carried out.   
 Molecular  SCAR  Sequence-Characterized Amplified Region  
 Molecular  SLAF  Specific-Locus Amplified Fragments  
 Molecular  SNP  Single Nucleotide Polymorphism  co-dominant
 Molecular  SRAP  Sequence-Related Amplified Polymorphism  mixed
 Molecular  SSR  or Microsatellite, Simple Sequence Repeat  mainly co-dominant
 Molecular  STS  Sequence-Tagged Sites  
 Molecular  TRAP  Target Region Amplified Polymorphism  
 Molecular  VNTR  Variable Number of Tandem Repeat